故宫古华轩楸树

树名:故宫右华轩楸树

名称:楸树

科属:紫藏科,梓树属

学名:Catalpa buugei C.A.Mey

树高1100cm,胸径55cm,

级别:一级

生长位置:故宫宁寿宫花园(乾隆花园)

 

故宫古华轩楸树

  在故宫宁寿宫花园(乾隆花园)里,有一株古楸斜立轩前,树龄300多年。揪树伟岸挺拔,夏季开花,花朵形状如同小钟,花冠白色,内有紫斑,花蕊排红,绚丽夺目。韩愈“看吐高花万万层”的诗句,恰当地描写了揪树盛花的气势。

  1772年,已在位37年的乾隆,因祖父康熙在位61年,自己宣布只当60年皇帝。于是着手修建外东宫,作为养老之所。当时工地上有一株古楸,设计者拟伐除此树,建一五开间歇山卷棚式屋顶的敞轩。乾隆得知后说,房屋可以择地而建,计时而成,树木须倍植多年,死不可复生,为何不能把轩后移呢:乾隆一向主张就树建屋,保护古树。他多次用诗表达自己的见解:“古松不可侈,筑屋就临之”(《就松室》),“松古屋亦古”(《古松书屋》),足见他十分懂得树木花草在造园中衬托主景的妙用。古揪保住了,与轩融为一体,达到了他最理想的意境。

The Manchurian Catalpa in front of Guhuaxuan,the Forbidden City

Standing vigorously and elegantly in the garden of Ningshou Palace (also known as Qianlong Garden)isan ancient Manchurian Catalpa that is over 300 years old.Each summer, the tree will be densely covered

with eye-catching white bell-shaped flowers,Han Yu,the established poet of Tang dynasty, had an accuratedepiction of the glamorous blossoms of full-blooming catalpa in his lyric "the high sky glows with layer uponlayer of delicate flowers".

In 1772,Emperor Qianlong,who had been in the throne 37 years,declared that, since his grandfatherEmperor Kangxi was in the reign for 61 years,he would not surpass this and therefore would be in

the reign for only 60 years.As a result, he started to plan for the Outer East Palace to be used as his

residence after he retired from the throne.The architect for the construction meant to get rid of an ancient,Manchurian catalpa growing on the site so as to set up an open balcony. Emperor Qianlong turned down

this proposal,arguing that whereas buildings can be constructed readily anywhere anytime,it would takenumerous years for a tree to grow. Besides,once the tree is dead,there is no means to bring it back to

life.So,instead of cutting the tree down,he ordered to move the site of the building a few yards away fromthe tree.He repeatedly expressed his insights on ancient tree conservation and on the subtle function of

plants in highlighting the dominant structures in landscape layout. In the end,the ancient tree was kept andharmoniously integrated as a part of the open balcony, resulting in an artistic view that he had expected,

 

 

精品推荐>>

密云“九搂十八...
昌平古青檀
北海团城“白袍...
门头沟区潭柘寺...