宋庆龄故居明开夜合

树名:宋庆龄故居明开夜合

名称:丝棉木

科属:卫矛科,卫矛属

学名:Eaconymccs bmigeanacs Maxim.

树高1000cm,胸径66cm,

级别:一级

生长位置:西城区后海北岸宋庆龄故居

 

宋庆龄故居明开夜合

       宋庆龄故居原为清初武英殿大学士纳兰明珠的宅第,清末是溥仪生父醇亲王载洋王府的花园。能见证这一段300多年曲折历史的除东湖西岸尿水亭(恩波亭),还有湖边的明开夜合花树,因与明珠之子纳兰性德的一段情缘,颇为世人所重。纳兰性德18岁中举,在翰林院编修徐乾学的指导下,主持汇刻了唐宋元明儒家经典注释的《通志堂经解》,22岁又中了进士,成为康熙皇帝身边的一等侍卫。然而作为贵公子的他,更是一位清醒善感的词人,加上爱妻早逝,好友离散,使得他“心事如落花”,以致清红学家认为他是《红楼梦》中贾宝玉的原型。他的词凄清婉丽,而又沉郁雄浑,誉为清代第一词人。康熙二十四年(1685)五月二十三日,纳兰性德与友人宴会于明开夜合花下,分题咏夜合花诗,7天后他便离开人世,其《夜合花》(五律)成了绝笔之作。

Maack Euonymus in The Former Residence of Song Qingling

The former residence of Song Qingling was once part of the mansion of Na-Ian Ming-zhu,a Great Scholar

in the early period of Qing Dynasty, and later became the garden of the mansion of Chengqin Feudal Prince(Zai Feng)--the father of Puyi,China's last emperor一in the final years of Qing Dynasty. Apart from Lushuipavilion (also called En Bo Pavi}ion)on the west bank of east lake,the Euonymus tree standing on the

lakeside also witnessed the 300-years’dramatic history. Na-Ian Hsing-te-the son of Ming-zhu-brought

fame for this tree.At the age of 18,he became a first-degree scholar. Tutored by Xue Qianxue,an advancedscholar of Imperial Academy, he compiled Tongzhitang Interpretations of Classical Works,which was a

collection of Confucian Classical works during Tang,Song,Yuan and Ming Dynasties.He became an imperialscholar at the age of 22 and then a first-class guard serving emperor Kangxi.Meanwhile,he was also a

sentimental poet. The decease of his wife at young age and the dispersal of his friends made him melancholyand dejected,so that many scholars specialized in the study of Dreams of Red Mansion take him as the

prototype of Jia Baoyu,the protagonist of the work. His Ci poems are plaintive and full of aesthetic perception,but at the same time vigorous and forceful,so he was acclaimed as the best Ci poet of Qing Dynasty. On May23,1686,Hsing-to feasted his friends under the Euonymus tree and they wrote poems on it. H会passed away7 days later, leaving the much-applauded“Maack Euonymus" as his swan song.

 

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